Thursday, 10 May 2012

Ende Flores Science & Technology

The 100th smallest country, with less than 1/1000th of the
world's population, can lay claim to the following:
The cell phone was first developed at the Motorola plant in
Most of the Windows NT and XP operating systems were
developed by Microsoft-Israel.
The Pentium MMX Chip technology was designed in Israel at
Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor for desktop computers and
the Centrino processor for laptops were entirely designed,
developed and produced in Israel.
Voice mail technology was developed in Israel. The Israeli
company Amdocs is the largest company in the world in this
Both Microsoft and Cisco built their only foreign-based
research and development facilities in Israel.
The program ICQ, which is the technological basis for AOL
Instant Messenger, was developed in 1996 by four young
Disk on Key - a portable, virtual hard disk - was developed
by the Israeli company M-Systems.
Israel has the highest number of personal computers per
capita in the world.
Israel has the highest number of university degrees per
capita in the world.
Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any
other nation by a large margin - 109 per 10,000 people - as
well as one of the highest per capita rates of patents
In proportion to its population, Israel has the largest
number of startup companies in the world. In absolute terms,
Israel has the largest number of startup companies than any
other country in the world, except the US.
With more than 3,000 high-tech companies and startups,
Israel has the highest concentration of hi-tech companies in
the world - apart from Silicon Valley.
Israel is ranked #2 in the world for venture capital funds
right behind the United States.
Outside the United States and Canada, Israel has the largest
number of companies listed on NASDAQ.
Israel has the highest average living standards in the
Middle East. The per capita income in 2000 was over $17,500,
exceeding that of the United Kingdom.
On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of
biotech startups.
Twenty four percent of Israel's workforce holds university
degrees - ranking third in the industrialized world, after
the United States and Holland - and 12 percent hold advanced
Israel has the third highest rate of entrepreneurship - and
the highest rate among women and among people over 55 in the
Relative to its population, Israel is the largest
immigrant-absorbing nation on earth.
Israel has the world's second highest supply of new books
per capita.
Israel has more museums per capita than any other country.
Israeli scientists developed the first fully computerized,
no-radiation diagnostic instrumentation for breast cancer.
An Israeli company developed a computerized system for
ensuring proper administration of medications, thus removing
human error from medical treatment. Every year in U. S.
hospitals 7,000 patients die from treatment mistakes.
Israel's Given Imaging developed the PillCam - the first
ingestible video camera, which is so small it fits inside a
pill. Used to view the small intestine from the inside, the
camera helps doctors diagnose cancer and digestive
Researchers in Israel developed a new device that directly
helps the heart pump blood. The new device is synchronized
with the heart's mechanical operations through a
sophisticated system of sensors.
Israel leads the world in the number of scientists and
technicians in the workforce, with 145 per 10,000, as
opposed to 85 in the U.S., over 70 in Japan, and less than
60 in Germany.
A new acne treatment developed in Israel causes acne
bacteria to self-destruct - all without damaging
surroundings skin or tissue.
An Israeli company was the first to develop and install a
large-scale solar-powered and fully functional electricity
generating plant in Southern California's Mojave Desert.
The first computer anti-virus software package was developed
in Israel back in the 1970's.
Major law enforcement agencies use Israeli technologies to
monitor voices and messages on conventional phones, mobile
phones and e-mails.
An Israeli company, Teva, is the world's largest generic
pharmaceutical company.
A new brain implant has been developed in Israel that can
lower the risk of stroke by diverting blood clots away from
sensitive areas of the brain.
IBM scientists in Israel are playing a vital role in a
massive project of the European Organization for Nuclear
Research (CERN) to discover the origins of life on earth.
Israeli software company Check Point is the global leader in
Virtual Private Network (VPN) and firewall technologies.
Israeli company Elta is responsible for the world's first
civilian aircraft equipped with technology designed to
protect airliners from a missile attack.
Mashav, the Israeli Foreign Ministry's Center for
International Cooperation has trained over 200,000
international aid workers that have traveled to dozens of
countries to help with medicine, agriculture, disaster
relief, and many other issues.
Israel has, for many years, held the world record in milk
Rummikub, the third highest selling board game in the world,
is manufactured in a family-run plant in the small southern
Israeli town of Arad.
Drip irrigation - the system that is based on using plastic
pipes that release small amounts of water next to crops or
plants - was developed by the Israeli engineer Simcha Blas
in the 1970's. The invention caused a revolution in
A design submitted by Israeli-born Michael Arad has been
chosen for the World Trade Center Memorial, from amongst
5,000 entries from around the world.
Israeli company Retalix created the grocery scanners used at
such stores as Costco, Albertson's, and 7-11, as well as
25,000 additional stores and quick-service restaurants
throughout the United States.
Primate research at Hebrew University is leading to the
development of a robotic arm that can respond to the brain
commands of a paralyzed person.
Two Israeli researchers are generating cancer-killing
molecules that will recognize cancerous cells and target
them aggressively, while not affecting normal cells.
Israeli researchers developed a novel stem cell therapy to
treat Parkinson's Disease - using a patient's own bone
marrow stem cells to produce the missing chemical that
enables restoration of motor movement.
Israeli company Silent Communications has developed a type
of silent conversation system for cell phones, so users can
carry on conversations without saying a word.
The Israeli company Wondernet is currently dominating the
world market in document signature authentication, with its
unique scientific method of verifying handwritten
Israeli Professor Yehuda Finkelstein has discovered the
cause of and cure for halitosis (bad breath).
Cherry tomatoes were originally supposed to be a snack when
they were designed by a group of scientists led by professor
Nahum Keidar from the agriculture faculty at the Weizmann
Institute of Science, with the cooperation of the Israeli
company Zera.
The Quicktionary, a pen size scanner that scans a word or a
sentence and translates it to a different language, was
developed by the Wizcom Company, based in Jerusalem.
Professor Ehud Keinan from the Technion Israel Institute of
Technology developed a pen that identifies an improvised
The Israeli company Insightec developed an ultrasound system
for removing tumors without surgery.
Researchers at the Technion have developed an antibiotic
that destroys anthrax bacteria as well as the toxins it
secretes into the bloodstream of the infected body.
Epilady, an electric hair removal system, was developed by
Yair Dar and Shimon Yahav from the Goshrim Kibbutz.
The sun-heated water tank, a device that converts solar
energy into thermal energy and that saves about 4% of the
national energy supply, was developed by an engineer from
Dr. Gal Yadid, Dr. Rachel Mayan, and Professor Abraham
Weizman from Bar Ilan University developed a form of drug
rehabilitation using a natural steroid that is inserted into
the brain and develops a resistance for the drugs.
Alon Moses from Hadassah Medical Center in Jerusalem and
Imanuel Hensky and Carlos Hidelgo-Grass from Hebrew
University decoded the mechanism for Streptococcus A.

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